I got out a book on DSLR video from the library so I could hopefully fill my head with some useful much needed information…
1. Tilt & shift lenses
Such a nice effect, always wondered how this ind of film would be created. Look into
2. Documentary Projects
In the development and pre-production stages, you should consider what the story of your film will be – whose life will we be gaining an insight into? From there, you can work out how to structure the shooting so that we experience what they experience – perhaps the focus of your documentary – as well as have time set aside for interviews.
For example, if your documentary project is about the experience of children at a weight-loss centre, you should shoot an interview before, recording the children’s expectations, and one after, in which they discuss their feelings about the experience.
The story of a documentary is often enhanced by narration. When shooting, it is important to remember to include a number of wide or relatively inactive shots that can be used behind the narration, which would normally be recorded seperately and added during the editing process.
There are computer based software to create storyboards, and now, web based systems emerging, like reelclever.com
4. Establishing shots
When you’re setting the scene, it is common to start with a “wide” or “long” shot, which paints a picture to your audience of the environment in which upcoming action is to take place. In a soap opera, for example, we’ll likely see a shot of the exterior of the venue for the forthcoming drama, for example, an office. We might even see the protagonist walk into the office, though their full height might only be a small percentage of the frame.
5. Close ups
You should avoid shooting close-ups with wide angle lenses as the distortion can create unusual effects – a nose appearing unnaturally large on a person’s face, for example. Instead, try using focal lengths between 50mm and 200mm to minimise distortion and create a more natural-looking perspective.
6. Impact of colour
- Black – fear, evil, depth, mystery, hiding, death
- White – marriage, purity, birth, innocence, winter
- Red – energy, passion, heat, blood, vitality, joy, intensity, threat
- Orange – energy, vibrance, fire, cosiness
- Yellow – joy, sun, illness, creativity
- Green – growth, luck, natural, patient, outdoor, safe
- Blue – water, calmness, cold, deep, free, educated, lonely, clean
- Purple – royalty, mystery, art, distant, luxury vanity, fantasy